CO Advice

Are carbon monoxide detectors required by law for private rental properties?

Discover what level of carbon monoxide protection private landlords should be providing for tenants, in line with the revised Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Alarm (Amendment) Regulations 2022.

As of October 1st 2022, the law surrounding smoke and carbon monoxide (CO) alarms in private and socially rented properties have changed, with many more detectors now required in homes across England. 

Is it now a landlord’s responsibility to provide a carbon monoxide alarm?

Are carbon monoxide detectors required by law for private rental properties?

Yes – it is now the law for a carbon monoxide alarm to be installed in all rooms where there is a fixed combustion appliance – such as gas boilers or gas fires. However, gas cookers are excluded from the updated regulation in England.

The changes mean that as landlord, you must:

  • Ensure at least one smoke alarm is equipped on each storey of a home where there is a room used as living accommodation.
  • Ensure a carbon monoxide alarm (CO) is equipped in any room used as living accommodation which contains a fixed combustion appliance (excluding gas cookers).
  • Ensure smoke alarms and carbon monoxide alarms are repaired or replaced once informed and found that they are faulty.
  • If a landlord fails to comply with the updated regulations, the local authority can impose a fine of up to £5,000.

Before the consultation, under the Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Alarm (England) Regulations 2015, private landlords only needed to install a CO alarm in properties where a solid fuel burning appliance was fitted. Now, when any additional appliances are installed in a home, a new carbon monoxide alarm will also be required to be fitted. The cost of installing and maintaining these alarms will fall on a landlord. However, the responsibility to regularly test alarms still lies with a tenant.

Find out more about testing smoke, heat and CO alarms.

Can a gas boiler give off carbon monoxide?

Are carbon monoxide detectors required by law for private rental properties?

Carbon monoxide is a tasteless, odourless, colourless gas produced when fuel doesn’t burn properly. Exposure to high levels of CO can be fatal while prolonged exposure to lower levels of CO can cause serious health problems. The only way to detect carbon monoxide is with an audible CO alarm.

Gas boilers can produce carbon monoxide naturally and are designed to carry the toxic gas out of your house via a flue. However, if your boiler has not been fitted properly or your flue is blocked, carbon monoxide will escape into your home. That’s why having an audible CO alarm close to your gas boiler is very important.

Do I need a carbon monoxide detector in a rented property?

Are carbon monoxide detectors required by law for private rental properties?

As a private landlord, if you have any fixed combustion appliances in place it will be your right to have a carbon monoxide alarm fitted in your home. Also, under the new regulations, your landlord is now obligated to repair or replace your CO alarm if you have informed them that it is faulty or damaged.

CO alarms must be placed 1-3 metres away from any fuel-burning appliance, such as your gas boiler or gas fire. If your CO alarm is sounding, open any doors or windows and if possible, turn off your gas appliances. Leave your property and call the gas safe emergency helpline (0800 111 999) for further assistance.

Do smoke alarms in rental properties have to be interlinked?

Are carbon monoxide detectors required by law for private rental properties?

All landlords must follow domestic fire alarm regulations as part of BS 5839-6:2019. This recommends installing interlinked smoke, CO and heat alarms in a property.

Updates to fire safety legislation in Scotland, recently made it mandatory for all properties – owned, privately rented and socially rented – to have interlinked alarms. This is due to the increased protection interlinked devices can offer.

If you would prefer for your smoke and CO detectors to be interlinked, speak to your landlord.

Ensure your home is protected

Are carbon monoxide detectors required by law for private rental properties?

With the extended regulations, it means private renters now have the right to a working smoke alarm and carbon monoxide detector in their property by law.

Speaking on the regulation changes, the Minister for Rough Sleeping and Housing, Eddie Hughes MP, said: “Around 20 people are killed each year in accidental carbon monoxide poisoning, and many more through house fires – but we know that simple interventions can stop these needless deaths.

“I’m proud that the new rules being proposed will ensure even more homes are fitted with life-saving alarms. Whether you own your home, are privately renting or in social housing – everyone deserves to feel safe and this is an incredibly important step in protecting those at risk.”

If you are a private landlord, we recommend getting in touch with your tenants as soon as possible to arrange installing these alarms in a property. Why not view FireAngel’s range of certified CO alarms and smoke alarms, for protection you can trust.