CO Advice, Fire Safety

How do I ensure compliance with latest regulations in Scotland?

Understand the smoke, heat and carbon monoxide alarm regulations required for properties in Scotland to achieve compliance.

We’ve simplified fire and carbon monoxide (CO) legislation for rented, owner-occupied and new build properties in Scotland, helping you meet legislative requirements to keep homeowners and tenants safe.

Following changes to the Scottish Tolerable Standard in 2022, all homes in Scotland are now required to have:

  • Interlinked smoke and heat alarms; so if one goes off, they all go off
  • Sealed-for-life carbon monoxide alarms in any room with a carbon-fuelled appliance

Achieving compliance for social housing, private rental, new build and owner-occupied properties

Grade: D1 (mains alarms) / F1 (battery alarms)

Grade requirements: A system of one or more mains powered detectors, each with a tamper‑proof standby supply consisting of a battery or batteries (such as FireAngel’s SM-SN-1 and HM-SN-1 alarm).

Category: LD1

Category requirements: The highest level of protection of all occupants who might occupy the dwelling over the lifetime of the fire detection and fire alarm system. A system installed throughout the premises, incorporating detectors in all circulation areas that form part of the escape routes from the premises, and in all rooms and areas, other than those with negligible sources of ignition, such as toilets, bathrooms and shower rooms.

Smoke alarms

Any fitted smoke alarms should conform to BS EN 14604:2005. Under the Scottish Tolerable Standard, one smoke alarm should be installed in the room most frequently used for general living purposes.

Additional smoke alarms must also be fitted in every circulation space on each storey, including hallways and landings. Smoke alarms should be ceiling mounted, long-life and interlinked with other alarms.

Heat alarms

Any heat alarms installed in a property should conform to BS 5446-2:2003. Under the Scottish Tolerable Standard, a heat alarm should be installed in each kitchen. Should be ceiling mounted, long-life and interlinked with other alarms.

Carbon monoxide (CO) alarms

Any installed CO alarms should have been manufactured and approved for domestic premises to BS EN 50291-1:2018. Under the Scottish Tolerable Standard, CO alarms should have sealed for life batteries and installed in every room where there is a carbon-fuelled appliance, such as a boiler, fire or stove. Carbon monoxide alarms do not need to be interlinked.

Property environment

Under the Scottish Housing Quality Standard, properties must meet the Tolerable Standard. This means a property must be free from serious disrepair, including free from damp and mould, be energy efficient, have modern facilities and services, and be healthy safe and secure.

Achieve compliance in Scotland with FireAngel

For more information on how to meet and achieve fire safety and CO property compliance in Scotland, visit FireAngel’s Standards & Regs area or contact your local Specification Manager.